Lean About Hackers


| Shutterstock

These days, the word “hacker” might elicit the image of someone who is tech- and computer-savvy and hacks into security systems,

hacking is the activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer system or a network to exploit the security to gain access to personal data or business data. An example of computer hacking can be: using a password cracking algorithm to gain access to a computer system.

Computers have become mandatory to run successful businesses. It is not enough to have isolated computers systems; they need to be networked to facilitate communication with external businesses. This exposes them to the outside world and hacking. System hacking means using computers to commit fraudulent acts such as fraud, privacy invasion, stealing corporate/personal data, etc. Cybercrimes cost many organizations millions of dollars every year. Businesses need to protect themselves against such attacks. but in the past, a hacker’s job was something entirely different.

Ethical Hacker (White hat): A security hacker who gains access to systems with a view to fixing the identified weaknesses. They may also perform Penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments.

Cracker (Black hat): A hacker who gains unauthorized access to computer systems for personal gain. The intent is usually to steal corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts, etc.

Grey hat: A hacker who is in between ethical and black hat hackers. He/she breaks into computer systems without authority with a view to identify weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.

Script kiddies: A non-skilled person who gains access to computer systems using already made tools.

Hacktivist: A hacker who uses hacking to send social, religious, and political, etc. messages. This is usually done by hijacking websites and leaving a message on the hijacked website.

Phreaker: A hacker who identifies and exploits weaknesses in telephones instead of computers.